The first emotion that comes to mind when your laptop won’t turn on is panic. It’s the idea of something that you probably paid a few hundreds on and coming face to face with the realization that it can, indeed, break. However, not all is lost so you should untangle yourself from the fetal position.
If your laptop isn’t turning on, give these troubleshooting methods a try. You might come across one that works.
Inspecting the Battery
First and foremost, you should check the battery and the surrounding environment. Is the power cord plugged in? If not, do so. Your laptop might be dead. But before that, inspect the entire length of the power cord for any exposed wires, burns or frayed ends. If you do happen to find damage, immediately remove the power cord and replace it.
This may sound strange, but you didn’t mix cables and power bricks by chance? If you did, the power brick you swapped in might not be supplying enough power to your laptop, preventing it from charging. You need to replace the power brick with a proper model, preferably one that matches the same voltages as the last one you had.
Of course, it goes without saying, checking the battery itself. Try this: remove the battery pack. Plug the power cable in and try powering on the laptop. Did it turn on? If so, you have a bad battery pack. A replacement battery pack is in order. If not, then something else is up. Let’s try something else.
Overheating Causes Problems
When it comes to staying cool, laptops are largely inferior to desktops. All those bits of hardware crammed into a small space is a recipe for some very high temperatures. Fortunately, laptops have their own way of staying cool, aside from ventilation, and that’s through internal thermal protection. If your laptop gets too hot, it has the right-away to shut down before it experiences any damage.
It’s annoying for sure, but you’ll be able to power on the laptop again once it cools off. What was your recent session like before your laptop wouldn’t turn on? Were you using it on a pillow or a blanket? Were the vents blocked? These are all factors you need to consider. Always keep the vents open to keep your laptop cool.
With that said, it’s possible that the internal fan isn’t keeping anything cool either. This is going to require the help of a professional to open up the hood and give it a look. You can do it yourself, but you’re taking a risk of hurting the laptop further or yourself. If you plan on popping the hood, make sure you ground yourself.
Test With an External Monitor
It’s possible that your laptop is indeed on, but the display isn’t. All you need to do is hook up your laptop to an external monitor or television. Most laptops these days come with an HDMI port, as do most modern televisions. Once the connection is made, you should see your computer’s desktop, if that was the problem.
Hardware Has Failed
So, you’ve checked the battery, the display, and even provided a cooler environment but the laptop still isn’t turning on. What do you do then? Well, unfortunately, it may be a sign of internal damage. Computers are very fragile creatures, especially laptops due to their portability. You might have bumped it lightly against a wall, knocking a cable loose. Maybe you shorted the hardware by being electrically charged. There’s a hundred different scenarios and all of them are terrible.
Think back to any recent events. Did you add more RAM? Check that its been seated correctly. Were you fiddling with the internals without grounding yourself? Electricity can short the motherboard and other hardware. Either way, it’s going to need the assistance of a professional. Even worse, it may need to be replaced.
If one of the solutions above helped boot up your computer, you should take the opportunity to run some tests just to be on the safe side. Run anti-virus software and scan for any hardware failure while in Safe Mode, but more importantly, replace anything that is damaged. Did the battery go bad? Dispose of it properly and get a new one. Is the cable faulty? Stop using it and get it replaced unless you like seeing laptops on fire.
Hopefully you were fortunate enough to have found the culprit, fix it, and go about your day without spending your hard earned money on repairs.